Reasons you might be waking up frequently in Night to Pee – we

Reasons you might be waking up frequently in Night to Pee

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Reasons you might be waking up frequently in Night to Pee

Having to pee frequently in night is not only annoying, but by interfering with the quality of sleep this habit can zap your energy levels, peace of mind and overall health.

Typically, the amount of urine our body produces decreases at night, allowing us to sleep for six to eight consecutive hours without any interruption or an urge to go to the washroom. However, there are people who wake up in the middle of the night to urinate. While it’s normal for this to happen occasionally- such as after taking too many liquids- including diuretics like caffeine and alcohol before bed- if this become frequent it could be a symptom that your body has reduced its potential to hold urine, a problem technically known as “Nocturia”.

Nocturia is a medical term used to describe the problem of excessive urination during the night that can also impede the restorative nature of our sleep. Also, this can be the sign of an underlying health problem.

There are several possible causes of waking up frequently in Night to pee, including the following:

Prostrate Problem: The bladder is the organ in the lower abdomen which is responsible for holding urine. When it fills up, our nerves sense it and tell us to head for the bathroom. There are two reasons why the increased size of prostrate (a gland located near the tube that carries urine out of your body) causes increased frequency of urine, in men.

  • An enlarged prostrate does not let the bladder empty completely. And if the bladder is half filled, it has only half the capacity left to be filled before you have to urinate again.
  • With the enlarged prostate, the nerves inside the bladder become hypersensitive, even if it empties completely.

Urinary Tract Infection: Frequent urination, a persistent urge to urinate, a burning sensation while urinating, or urine, which is cloudy or foul smelling, could be a sign of Urinary tract infection. This kind of infection can occur in both men and women; however, it is most common in women.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder in which irregular pauses in breathing during sleep can make a person wake abruptly in night. Nocturia or Night time urination is so common in sleep apnea patients that it has now become a screening tool as considerable as snoring.

During the episodes of sleep apnea, when the airway is partially or fully blocked, our body exerts more pressure to pull air into the lungs, causing more blood to flow towards the heart. This increased blood flow alerts that there is too much fluid in the system. A signal is further sent to the kidneys via a hormone, atrial natriuretic peptide, that there is too much fluid here and it’s time to overboard it or urinate.

Diabetes- You may also be excreting more than normal amount of urine with poorly managed diabetes. This is because, when you have diabetes, excess sugar builds up in your blood. In order to absorb or filter the excess of sugar, kidneys will have to work overtime. Hence, the increased level of glucose in the kidneys draws more fluid into the urine at night.

Neurological Disorders: Our bladder is controlled by our brain, spinal cord tracts and peripheral nerves. Hence, certain neurological conditions can affect the functioning of bladder. Neurodegenerative disorders and autoimmune disorders are usually accompanied by the dysfunction of involuntary nervous system. This can further result in severe bladder dysfunction and frequent night time urination.

Interstitial Cystitis: This problem occurs in women more often than in men. This condition is caused when the tissues inside the bladder are inflamed and due to the soreness and pain it becomes difficult for the bladder to function normally.

Aging:  As we grow older, our body produces less of an anti-diuretic hormone that usually allows us to hold fluid. Due to the reduced concentration of this hormone, we produce more urine at night. Another significant reason for frequent urination in elders is that their bladder tends to lose its holding capacity with age. Finally, older people are more likely to suffer from medical problems that may further affect their bladder.

Pregnancy: “Nocturia” is more common during pregnancy. This is due to the hormonal changes and the pressure on bladder from growing uterus that compounds the problem of frequent urination. However, in particular during night, when a pregnant woman lie down, some of the fluids that retained in her legs and feet during the day will make their way into the blood stream and ultimately into the bladder.

Medications: Drugs that help the body get rid of extra fluids particularly diuretics and cold medicines can impact our bladder and increase urine production.

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